With a mood of celebration and reverence, the chorus and orchestra of the Slask Ballet, accompanied by Feliks Raczkowski, perform at the Gothic Cathedral at Oliwa, home to an 18th-century 6,000-pipe organ. Some practice the superstition that an even number of people must be seated around the table. The Wigilia feast begins at the appearance of the first star. Children in school often take part in nativity plays, known as Jasełka. The feast day is a part of the Advent celebrations, which are an integral part of Polish Christmas traditions. The next day, the Christmas Day, is often spent visiting friends. Once the first star appears, the day has ended and families can break fast. They are often made of blown glass and then painted and decorated by hand, so they are very delicate and need to be handled with care. These dishes are usually meatless, though this restriction does not exclude the preparation of fish, as carp is one of the most traditional items served. The meals must be meatless as a sign of fasting and twelve different dishes are made, thus symbolizing the Twelve Apostles. Other Polish cities also host Christmas markets, but depending on the size and resources of the city, they may not be quite as expansive as the market in Krakow. Spending traditional Christmas in Poland means that at the beginning you pray and share oplatek – the Polish Christmas wafer (little flat bread) with every member of the family. 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[5] The supper begins with the breaking of the Christmas wafer known as "opłatek", a custom only observed in Poland and some parts of Lithuania. It is followed by the exchange of gifts. Many of the early Polish carols were collected in 1838 by Rev. Later influences include mutual permeating of local … As each person shares pieces of the wafer with another, they are supposed to forgive each other any hurts that have occurred over the past year and wish them happiness in the coming year. The former day of Christmas is the December of 26th. Although there are some traditions that developed just in Poland and have nothing to do with religion. Polish Christmas Traditions. Christmas in Scandinavia: Traditions, Events, and Foods, A Visitor's Guide to Russian Christmas Traditions, Experience Diverse Christmas Traditions in Lithuania, Tripsavvy uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Its modernity still surprises many tourists. However, if you're shopping for handmade crafts or Polish Christmas decorations, or if you want to sample cold-weather Polish treats, even small Christmas markets will give you an idea of how Poland celebrates this holiday. Welcome to our Showroom Hand-made by Polish Artisans See creation process . In many homes an empty place setting is symbolically left at the table for the Baby Jesus or, for a lonely wanderer who may be in need of food, or if a deceased relative should come and would like to share in the meal. Here’s everything you need to know about Christmas in Poland. When the Polish words and melodies started to become popular, including many new secular pastorals (pastoralka, or shepherd's songs), they were not written down originally, but rather taught among people by heart. [1], Among the special tasks carried out in private homes during Advent (a time of waiting for the celebration of the Nativity of Jesus) is the baking of the Christmas piernik (gingerbread), and the making of Christmas decorations. The Day of Saint Nicholas on 6 December is the unofficial beginning of the festive season in Poland. Like in most parts of the world, food is an important part of the holiday and the dinner table is filled with traditional entrees. Today I’m going to tell you about two things I miss the most about spending Christmas in Poland. Christmas fairs selling handicrafts pop up in most Polish market squares as people indulge in home-cooked meals and strolls through snow-covered parks. Poland is a largely catholic country and Christmas Eve is a very important and busy day. Like in most Central European countries, Christmas in Poland is a quaint and much-beloved affair. [2] The next day (December 25) begins with the early morning mass followed by daytime masses. A tradition exists among some families to serve twelve different dishes at Wigilia symbolizing the Twelve Apostles, or perhaps, an odd number of dishes for good luck (usually five, seven, or nine). They then share a piece with each family member. Other trees are placed in most public areas and outside churches. In many homes, sparklers are hung on the branches of the trees for wintery ambiance. [7] The Christmas season often runs until February 2. Only after it appears, the family members sit down to a dinner table.[2]. Christmas Eve is the day before Christmas Day and is associated with celebrating Jesus Christ’s birth, although his actual birth date has been disputed among many scholars. Christmas Eve (Wigilia), Christmas Day, and Boxing Day (or St Stephen’s Day)are important days that are celebrated in many Polish homes. Showing page 1. In Poland, Christmas is officially known as Bozz Narodzenie, though it is most often referred to as Gwiazdka, meaning "little star. The Polish Christmas tree can be decorated with shapes cut from gingerbread, colored wafers, cookies, fruit, candy, straw ornaments, decorations made from eggshells, or commercially produced ornaments. This day honours the first martyr who was belligerent for the Christians reliance, called Saint Szczepan. Christmas celebration starts in Poland on 24th of December and most of the traditions are connected with Christmas Eve. Christmas preparations begin days before December 25. These glass ornaments, called bombki, have many shapes -- some are round, others are shaped like icicles, pine cones, or angels. The main part of Wigili… In Poland, it is called just ‘the second day of holidays’. Advent, which starts on December 1st, is the beginning of the Christmas season in Poland. Some of them sing carols; others recite verses or put on "szopki", or "herody" (nativity scenes). [4] Well-behaved children receive small gifts on the day, whereas naughty children receive a lump of coal or a twig, called "rózga". In Poland, the traditional Christmas feast occurs on Christmas Eve, or Wigilia, a day that holds equal importance with December 25. Christmas in Poland. Families and collectors value these ornaments for high quality, traditional artwork, and unique decorations. But Poles … Christmas in Poland is a major annual celebration, as in most countries of the Christian world. Certain beliefs and superstitions surround Christmastime in Poland, though these beliefs are often only observed for fun today. The custom of Christmas night liturgy was introduced in the Christian churches after the second half of the 5th century. The appearance of Santa Claus (Mikołaj) happens instead on the night of December 5, the eve of the Feast of St. Nicholas. Christmas Holidays commemorate the birth of Jesus Christ. Expect to eat lots of traditional Polish food in the evening, so consider skipping lunch (and maybe breakfast). Typically, people watch for the first star to appear in the night sky before sitting down to eat, because Christmas Eve is a day for fasting. December 24th is, of course, Christmas Eve – or Wigilia as it’s called in Poland - is one of the biggest feast days of the year and an important time to be with family. Polskie ręcznie wytwarzane i zdobione bombki choinkowe, katalog. Boże Narodzenie, www.pmkamsterdam.nl (Polska Misja Katolicka, Amsterdam), Wigilia article from the Polish American Center, Wigilia article from Pope John Paul II Polish Center, Wigilia article from the Polish Museum of America, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christmas_in_Poland&oldid=998435526, Articles with Polish-language sources (pl), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles which use infobox templates with no data rows, Articles with dead external links from July 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 10:45. Mioduszewski [ca; eo; pl] in a book called Pastorałki i Kolędy z Melodiami (Pastorals and Carols with Melodies). In Poland that custom arrived together with the coming of Christianity. In Poland, the traditional Christmas feast occurs on Christmas Eve, or Wigilia, a day that holds equal importance with December 25. Poland is famed for its hand-blown glass Christmas ornaments and decorations. Houses and apartments are cleaned and adorned with decorations, including a Christmas tree. Christmas in Poland involves having a lavish feast on the Christmas Eve, or what is called Wigilia. During preparation, hay is spread beneath the tablecloth as a reminder that Jesus Christ was born in a manger. The Christmas Spider is an old Eastern European story about a family who couldn't afford to decorate their Christmas tree, and then on Christmas morning, it was decorated in golden and silver strands from a spider's web. [2] Christmas in Poland is called "Boże Narodzenie", which translates to 'God's Birth'.[3]. [2], On the night of Christmas Eve, so important is the appearance of the first star in remembrance of the Star of Bethlehem, that it has been given an affectionate name of "the little star" or Gwiazdka (the female counterpart of St. Nicholas). Often, there is a compote of dry fruits for a drink. The observance of Christmas developed gradually over the centuries, beginning in ancient times; combining old pagan customs with the religious ones introduced after the Christianization of Poland by the Catholic Church.Later influences include mutual permeating of local traditions … Kerry Kubilius is a freelance writer who specializes in Eastern European history, culture, current events, language, and travel. Poland emerged from the rubble of World War II and decades behind the Iron Curtain to become a prominent European nation. Christmas in Poland. Poland is a predominately Catholic nation, and many traditions revolve around church services, fasting, and other religious customs. We create Christmas decorations … The observance of Christmas developed gradually over the centuries, beginning in ancient times; combining old Polish pagan customs with the religious ones introduced after the Christianization of Poland by the Catholic Church. [6], Christmas carols are not celebrated in Poland until during-and-after the Christmas Vigil Mass called "Pasterka" held between 24 and 25 of December. The modern glass workshops and manufacturers tend to be localized in the southern regions of Poland. Traditionally, Advent is the time for getting practically and spiritually ready for Christmas, which is one of the most important dates in the Christian calendar. But here in Poland, it’s another story; One of the most characteristic things about this day is the Traditional Polish Christmas Food. Everyone at the table breaks off a piece and eats it as a symbol of their unity with Christ. The remainder of the evening is given to stories and songs around the Christmas tree. Christmas trees are decorated and lit in family rooms on the day of Christmas Eve. Christmas ornaments in Poland are everyone’s favourite and locals visit the Christmas markets for picking it up. Midnight mass is a part of Poland's Christmas traditions. An extra place is set for any unexpected visitor, as a reminder that the Holy family was turned away from inns in Bethlehem and that those seeking shelter are welcome on this special night. The supper, which includes many traditional dishes and desserts can sometimes last for over two hours. [2], In Poland, Christmas Eve is a day first of fasting, then of feasting. That means the house … Later influences include the mutual permeating of local traditions and various folk cultures. Nowadays, opłatek is mostly shared with members of the family and immediate neighbors before the Christmas Eve supper (Wigilia in the Polish language). Lista produktów kategorii Ozdoby Formowane. Polish Wigilia begins with the appearance of the first star, which corresponds to the Star of Bethlehem. Traditionally, Christmas trees are decorated with candles or lights, ornaments made of glass or eggshells, and wrapped treats on December 24. Everyone loves Christmas. The market is full of handmade items that will make for a perfect souvenir. Christmas Eve in Poland (Wigilia), December 24 Christmas Eve Dinner – kolacja wigilijna – is the most important Christmas celebration in Poland. Poland's Christmas Eve (Wigilia) and Christmas Day . Although Mikołaj is the primary gift-giver in Poland, some children do receive presents on Christmas Eve as well, but from baby Jesus. Some of the best ​Christmas gifts from Poland can be found during this time of year when seasonal products and handicrafts fill vendors' stalls, such as ceramics, amber jewelry, and typical wooden figurines. Christmas time in Poland is definitely full of amazing traditions and we all have our favorites! Christmas is the most important, meaningful and favourite Polish holiday. Families also begin to prepare the home for Christmas by scrubbing the carpets, washing the windows, and deep-cleaning the house. 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