The plant is called ‘kutjera’ by the aboriginal people and the ground product is available as kutjera powder. Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia - contents. Solanum ditrichum. Fruit a succulent, cartilaginous or bony berry, sometimes enclosed by persistent inflated calyx; seeds suborbicular to lenticular, numerous. Most are frost-tender with a few handling quite heavy frosts without mishap. Solanum laciniatum Aiton. Solanumspecies of eastern andnorthern Australia. The species of the . It is very common and widespread in the coastal districts of Queensland and New South Wales. Related Searches. Bean. The informal ‘ Solanum dioicum. Solanum ditrichum. The South American garden Potato, Solanum tuberosum L., sometimes persists by tubers on farmland, in vegetable gardens, around rubbish tips or other places where garden refuse has been dumped, but is not truly naturalized in Victoria or elsewhere in Australia. Comparative resistance of 9 Solanum species to bacterial wilt (Pseudomonas solanacearum) and to the nematode Meloidogyne incognita. Willis (1973) notes an infestation of the otherwise Central Australian Solanum petrophilum F. Muell. When fully ripe, they are yellow in colour. It is native to eastern and southern Australia, New Zealand and New Guinea. Branchlets brown or green. Key to Queensland species: Bean (2004) The taxonomy and ecology of Solanum subg. Contents This species reproduces by seed, which are mainly spread by fruit-eating (i.e. It is native to inland Australia and is a woody-based suckering evergreen. Gatton, Queensland, Australia: University of Queensland. Another 175 to 200 species… Japan and Taiwan), New Zealand, North America (i.e. Solanum is the type genus of the family Solanaceae, which contains such well-known economic plants as the potato, tomato, tobacco, egg plant (aubergine) and many more. Description ofSolanum ditrichum, generated from a DELTA database. The species occurs in a range extending from the eastern Kimberley in Western Australia to far northwestern Northern Territory and has been recognized for decades as a variant of SolanumdioicumW.Fitzg. South Africa, Zimbabwe and Madagascar), southern … complex are geographically separated from nearly all species in the . Key to Australian species: Symon (1981) A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia. Hancock IR, Henderson CP, 1988. (2001). Research Bulletin No. Environmental Impact Devil's fig ( Solanum torvum ) is regarded as an environmental weed in Queensland, and was recently listed as a priority environmental weed in at least one Natural Resource Management region. Brief Description Amanda Spooner, Tuesday 24 July 2007. group – the exceptions are two dioecious species, S. sejunctum. Bean. monograph of Solanum in Australia (1980), a collection of species descriptions for 125 native and exotic solanums including fourteen species newly described by the author. Alaska, the USA, Canada and M… dioicumgroup”) of the Australian Monsoon Tropics have been the subject of phylogenetic and taxonomic study for decades, yet much of their basic biology is still unknown. One species which has edible berries is Solanum ellipticum. Leaves usually alternate, sometimes paired, simple or pinnate, entire or lobed, petiolate. Herbaceous resprouter. The flowers are followed by greenish berries. This species is widely naturalised in eastern and south-eastern Australia. purple-violet, Jan or Apr to Oct. Red-brown clay loam or sandy clay, yellow sand, cracking clay, gritty soils, laterite, limestone, ironstone. Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia. (1974) Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae) and Related Species in Australia. (2018). Solanum clarkiae. Related Searches. Introduction. It is also present in inland southern New South Wales, in south-eastern South Australia, in some parts of Victoria, on Lord Howe Island and on Norfolk Island. It is widely naturalised in Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. 2012 onwards. The branches are low, hairy … Four new species of Solanum L. (Solanaceae) from south east Queensland. In Australia this plant is known colloquially as "tobacco bush weed", although Australia possesses many species of Nicotiana, which are more correctly known as wild tobaccos. The Solanum genus includes the potato, tomato and eggplant. Flora of the Solomon Islands. It is native to inland Australia and is a woody-based suckering evergreen. It has very dark green leaves which may be lanceolate or deeply lobed. In Australia there are 117 species, of which 87 are endemic. It forms a large shrub 4 m high by 5 m wide. Inflorescences cyme-like, often scorpioid, terminal, lateral, axillary, pseudo-axillary or leaf-opposed, rarely reduced to a single flower. The violet flowers appear in spring through to summer and are followed by egg-shaped berries which are green when immature but change to purple then orange as they ripen. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. 983 results for SPECIES: Solanum aviculare ... Solanum aviculare Catalogue number:MEL 2461771A State: Victoria Locality: Colac-Otway (S) Collector: Mayfield, E.V. Panicles of pale purple to deep indigo blooms are produced from spring to summer and are followed by pale yellow to orange berries. Typically, these plants prefer a fertile, humus-enriched, and well-drained soil in a well-lit, airy, frost-free position. Honiara, Solomon Islands: Dodo Creek Research Station. Prostrate or sprawling. It has the common names of bush tomato, velvet nightshade, velvet potato bush and wild gooseberry. After its first description in 2019, the describers suggested the common name of Dungowan bush tomato, in reference to Dungowan Station where it was collected. Contributions from the Queensland Herbarium 16 . group and the S. incanum L. group – both belonging to the subgenus Leptostemonum, and the Black Nightshades – of the subgenus Solanum sect. After its first description in 2019, the describers suggested the common name of Dungowan bush tomato, in reference to Dungowan Station where it was collected.. The family Solanaceae in Australia . 7. 0.1–0.6 m high. Prostrate or sprawling. Since the 1950s, brigalow Acacia harpophylla forests in Australia have been extensively cleared and converted to pastures dominated by exotic grasses. Annual or perennial herbs, shrubs or small trees, sometimes trailing or climbing, armed or unarmed, pubescent with glandular, simple or stellate hairs, rarely glabrous. Fl. SYMON, D.E. Contents. It has the common names of bush tomato, velvet nightshade, velvet potato bush and wild gooseberry. About 1500 species, virtually cosmopolitan but mainly in Central and South America, also Africa and Australia; 117 species in Australia, 94 native, 87 endemic. The large and cosmopolitan plant genus Solanum L. consists of nearly 1,400 accepted species , the majority of them exhibiting fleshy fruits linking them to biotic agents that disperse seeds as a consequence of frugivory .Symon , focusing only on the ca. …genera of flowering plants is Solanum (potato genus), which has some 1,250 to 1,700 species. Fl. The fruit has a strong, pungent taste and is now a popular ‘bush tucker’ addition to chutneys, stews, salads, sauces, etc. The branches are low, hairy and prickly. Leptostemonum (Dunal) Bitter (Solanaceae) in Queensland and far north-eastern New South Wales, Australia. Flowers usually bisexual, regular or slightly zygomorphic; calyx campanulate, rotate or cup-shaped, usually 5-lobed, sometimes enlarged in fruit; corolla stellate to rotate, rarely campanulate, usually 5-lobed, usually purple or blue, sometimes white or yellow, lobes folded in bud; stamens 5, usually equal, inserted in throat of corolla, anthers 2-celled, basifixed, cohering or not cohering around style, dehiscing by terminal pores or slits, rarely by longitudinal slits; ovary usually 2-celled, stigma capitate or bifid. Symon and others as Solanumdioicum‘Tanami.’ It is found in south-eastern and New Zealand. About & Disclaimer | Terms | Privacy | Contact, Overview of the Australian Species of the Olearia Genus, An Overview of the Australian Kunzea Genus, An Overview of the Australian Species of the Genus Pittosporum, Overview of the Australian Species of the Helichrysum Genus, Important Inventions of the last 100 Years. There are also another 20 odd species which are well established and are considered introduced weeds. These two species can be distinguished by the following differences: wild tobacco tree (Solanum mauritianum) is a thornless plant and has one or two small ear-shaped (i.e. Introduction and contact information. Branchlets. Henderson, R.J.F. Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia A.R. Erect or rounded shrub, 0.2-1(-2) m high. References are It is widely naturalised in Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. Introduction. Solanum which centres around the generic type S. nigrum. Most prefer full sun or partial shade. Toowong: Queensland Herbarium. Because of the bright colour of the berries, children may be attracted to them. Solanum hermanni Symon Solanum hermannii Dunal Solanum sodomeum L. (misapplied) Solanum sodomeum L. var. (1995). … Solanum plastisexum is a species of bush tomato from the Australian monsoon tropics that exhibits "breeding system fluidity" – that is, it has no stable sexual expression. Specimens of this species were previously referred to by D.E. Austrobaileya 4(3): 429–37. Solanum centrale is also called the desert (or bush raisin). Journal of Adelaide Botanical Gardens 4: 1-367. Wild tobacco tree (Solanum mauritianum) is very similar to potato tree (Solanum erianthum) and relatively similar to devil's fig (Solanum torvum). The fruits are rich in vitamin C and 1 to 3cm in diameter. Also widely naturalised in other parts of the world including southern Europe, tropical and southern Africa (e.g. Nuytsia 13(3): … The dioecious and andromonoecious Solanumtaxa (the “S. Solanum oligandrum (Solanaceae), a new species from the Great Sandy Desert, Western Australia. © 2017 Actforlibraries.org | All rights reserved Symon (1980) included a set of 18 native Australian “spiny solanums” of Solanum Provides authoritative information on the flora of Western Australia. ... species: Solanum mentiens A.R.Bean. Ten species are andromonoecious; typically these species bear inflorescences with a single, large basal Hardiness varies with the species, but most are frost tender. Hebert Y, 1985. This contents page, the key, and the descriptions were generated automatically from a DELTA database (Dallwitz 1980; Dallwitz, Paine, and Zurcher 1993). Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia, version 6 Sept. 2018, DELTA Intkey. Solanum plastisexum is a species of bush tomato from the Australian monsoon tropics that exhibits "breeding system fluidity" – that is, it has no stable sexual expression. Bush tomatoes are the fruit or entire plants of certain nightshade (Solanum) species native to the more arid parts of Australia. (Rock Nightshade) near Charlton in north-west Victoria, but it does not appear to have persisted there. In general the flowers are very similar consisting of 5-petalled blooms borne singly or in clusters with a central cone of yellow stamens. It is a quick-growing evergreen with dark stems and very dark green leaves. Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia- Solanum ditrichum. In many cases the presence of ripe fruit is necessary for reliable identification of species. Search for SOLANUM+MENTIENS returned 1 results. Similar to Solanum aviculare is S.laciniatum, also known as the large kangaroo apple or large poroporo. Within Solanum there are about 450 species in the stellate-haired spiny groups, which, though best developed in South America, have rich distributions in … https://www.delta-intkey.com/solanum/index.htm. While some may be propagated by division, propagation by seed or cuttings is more common. The dark, blue-green leaves have prominent veins. Solanum linnaeanum may be confused with Solanum cinereum (Narrawa burr) in Australia, the neotropical Solanum capsicoides, or Solanum incanum in Africa. A.R. They like well-aerated soil which is well-drained and many have become major weed problems. The Solanum is variable in its features. Hardiness varies with the species, but most are frost tender. The solanum may be deciduous or evergreen. A new cryptically dioecious species of bush tomato (Solanum)... 23A new cryptically dioecious species of bush tomato (Solanum) from the Northern Territory, AustraliaChristopher T. Martine 1, David E. Symon2, Elizabeth C. Evans 1 Department of Biology, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA, USA 2 1920-2011, Formerly Adelaide Botanic Garden, Adelaide, South Australia Subgenus Solanum sensu stricto Solanum catilliflorum Solanum muricatum – Pepino dulce, pepino melon, melon pear, "pepino", "tree melon" Solanum perlongistylum Solanum tergosericeum frugivorous birds) that eat the berries. It produces racemes of 3 to 7 purple or blue flowers with yellow centres. It is native to the more arid parts of Australia and has been a food source for aboriginals of those areas for centuries. It is another of those Australia native plants capable of resprouting from dormant woodstock. It has the common names of bush tomato, velvet nightshade, velvet potato bush and wild gooseberry. Solanum laciniatum or Kangaroo Apple, a common name shared with the closely related S. aviculare, occurs in temperate regions of New South Wales, the Australian Capital Territory, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand and associated islands on a range of soil types. A.R. Branchlet hairs simple or stellate. ... species: Solanum mentiens A.R.Bean. There are a number of species-complexes; they include the S. anguivi Lam. Erect or rounded shrub, 0.2-1(-2) m high. Some parts of some species are poisonous to humans. Journal of Adelaide Botanical Gardens 4: 1-367. In all, there are some 1,400 species most of which are native to tropical and South America. Version: 6th September 2018. Since the 1950s, brigalow Acacia harpophylla forests in Australia have been extensively cleared and converted to pastures dominated by exotic grasses. hermannii (Dunal) Dunal ... Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia. Key to Queensland species: Bean (2004) The taxonomy and ecology of Solanum subg. Australia has around 100 species of the Solanum genus which are endemic to the continent. species Solanum mentiens Name Homonyms Solanum mentiens A.R.Bean Bibliographic References. Solanum laciniatum or Kangaroo Apple, a common name shared with the closely related S. aviculare, occurs in temperate … The berries which follow the blossoms are generally poisonous to some degree. The South American garden Potato, Solanum tuberosum L., sometimes persists by tubers on farmland, in vegetable gardens, around rubbish tips or other places where garden refuse has been dumped, but is not truly naturalized in Victoria or elsewhere in Australia. Quite . Bean, A.R. Bean. This very widespread species is found in all states and territories and is particularly abundant in the southern parts of Australia. Bush tomatoes are the fruit or entire plants of certain nightshade (Solanum) species native to the more arid parts of Australia.While they are quite closely related to tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum), they might be even closer relatives of the eggplant (S. melongena), which they resemble in many details.There are 94 (mostly perennial) natives and 31 (mostly annual) introduced species in Australia. Bean AR (2004) The taxonomy and ecology of Solanum subg. Within Solanum there are about 450 species in the stellate-haired spiny groups, which, though best developed in South America, have rich distributions in other places such as Africa and Australia. SYMON, D.E. Version: 6th September 2018. delta-intkey.com’.. all genera and species. and . Key to Australian species: Symon (1981) A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia. Solanumspecies of eastern and northern Australia. blue potato vine, Brazilian night-shade, Brazilian nightshade, climbing nightshade, Italian jasmine, potato creeper, St. Vincent lilac, St. Vincent's lilac, star potato vine, vining solanum Brief Description Amanda Spooner, Tuesday 24 July 2007. Wide naturalised in tropical and southern Africa, Madagascar, eastern Asia (e.g. S. dioicum. Habit. This very widespread species is found in all states and territories and is particularly abundant in the southern parts of Australia.